Compartmentation in structures is the fundamental basis and aim of passive fire protection.
The idea is to divide a structure into "fire compartments", which may contain single or multiple rooms, for the purpose of limiting the spread of fire, smoke and flue gases, in order to enable the three goals of fire protection:
● Life safety
● Property protection
● Continuity of operations
The construction of such compartments and all their components is a matter of systems within systems, which use bounding to achieve fire-resistance ratings, all interdependent, forming part of an overall fire safety plan.
Specialist knowledge is required to understand the fire strategy of a building and how the occupants might react in an emergency. It is this knowledge, training, and experience, which allow us at Active Fire Doors to determine where physical compartment walls, floors, ceilings and doors are, where they should be.
Understanding the structure of a building, and how the emergency fire evacuation plan works, is of paramount importance. Especially if there is a sleeping risk, or occupants are 'dependant' or 'highly dependent', such as in care homes or hospitals. In these circumstances the evacuation plan of a building will normally require 'Phased Horizontal Evacuation' (PHE) and specifically designed and intact fire compartments are necessary.
We have designed fire strategies and carried out fire compartmentation surveys since 2002 and are experts in this field. We use this knowledge and experience to determine whether existing buildings meet current fire safety standards and if compartment lines are intact and 'suitable and sufficient'.
Our surveyors visit site, assess the compartments and check on fire stopping around these compartments including all required fire door assemblies. A report is then produced and an action plan presented with a quote for any necessary work.
If you would like any further information about fire compartmentation, please contact us and one of our specialist advisors will discuss your requirements.